There are many untruths associated with birds and bird feeding and they can be extremely persistent, regardless of the actual facts. Being a wild bird feeding business, Duncraft hears them all! One amazing myth that persists is that hummingbirds migrate to South America by hitching rides on the backs of Canadian geese. Canadian geese don’t ever go to South America, much less carry a passenger on their way! Here, Duncraft gives the facts behind five more bird feeding myths.
Myth: If people feed the birds, they’ll become dependent on bird feeders and will forget how to find food on their own. This myth is very similar to another—that people shouldn’t feed birds in summer because there’s enough natural food and birds have to learn not to become dependent on bird feeders.
Fact: Birds only get about 25% of their food from feeders. If birds can’t find food at
a bird feeder, they will continue to find natural food sources in the wild such as insects, weed seeds, buds, sap, spiders, berries and pine nuts. But if a bird feeder goes empty during a very harsh winter, it probably will be a hardship for the birds. The birds haven’t forgotten how to find food, it just may be very scarce at certain times of the year. The food they find at a bird feeder will be a welcome supplement. If people do feed birds, it’s best to keep feeding during the winter. As for not feeding in summer, birds probably don’t need bird feeders in summer, but how can bird lovers observe all their beautiful colors and behaviors when the birds are foraging in the woods and fields instead of in backyards?
Myth: Birds’ feet will stick to metal bird feeder perches in the winter.
Fact: If this were true, birds would be stuck to all kinds of metal things they can land on—trash cans, gutters, metal roofs—duck’s feet would stick to ice and so would a penguin’s. But of course, that doesn’t happen. Birds don’t have sweat glands in their feet, so there’s no moisture there to freeze to anything. Also, there is little blood flow in a bird’s foot, so the bird’s feet are cold in winter. In order for something to stick to cold metal in the winter, it has to be warm and moist—a bird’s feet are cold and dry.
Myth: If birds eat uncooked rice, such as that thrown at weddings, it will swell up in their stomachs and kill them.
Fact: Birds eat uncooked rice and other grains all the time—just ask any rice or wheat farmer! It may be more than most people want to know, but when birds eat food, it first enters a crop which is a storage tank for food. Birds can remove food from their crops anytime they want. That’s how they feed their nestlings. From there, food enters a two part stomach a little at a time. The first part digests the food and the second part, the gizzard, grinds up the food. The gizzard uses grit (small grains of sand that birds pick up on purpose) to help grind the food. So, rice, seeds and grains are easily dispatched by birds—they’re made to eat those foods!
Myth: If people keep feeding hummingbirds in the fall, the birds will stay around the feeder and won’t migrate.
Fact: Hummingbirds will migrate whether they are fed or not. The trigger to begin migration is day length. As the day length (and amount of light) decrease in fall, hummingbirds instinctively begin to eat a lot more, putting on fat stores for their migration. They also need nourishment during migration. Keeping a feeder out later than normal (around the beginning of October),may help feed birds from further north as they fly southward.
Myth: If a baby bird is found on the ground, out of the nest, it shouldn’t be put back in the nest because the parents will detect a human scent and reject the baby.
Fact: Birds have a very poor sense of smell and wouldn’t be able to detect any human scent on a baby bird. Ornithologists often handle baby birds for one reason or another with no impact on the family. Also, a bird’s instinct to parent is incredibly strong—too strong to abandon their babies for almost any reason.
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